Abuse or torture
"Kayrat Samarkand says his only 'crime' was being a Muslim who had visited neighboring Kazakhstan. On that basis alone, he was detained by police, aggressively interrogated for three days, then dispatched in November to a 'reeducation camp' in China’s western province of Xinjiang for three months." "'Those who disobeyed the rules, refused to be on duty, engaged in fights or were late for studies were placed in handcuffs and ankle cuffs for up to 12 hours,' he said. Further disobedience would result in waterboarding or long periods strapped in agony in a metal contraption known as a 'tiger chair,' Samarkand said, a punishment he said he suffered." Samarkand is now in Kazakhstan.